La legge dell'armonia nella composizione degli elementi, tra immanenza e trascendenza

Laura Candiotto


Heraclitus’ equilibrium is a conflictual one, it is based on the recognition that there is a wisdom
within the elements; Plato’s equilibrium is proportional and finds in the tension towards the
transcendet law the composition of a second nature, produced by a technique aiming to recompose
disorder once it has occurred. However, disorder is possible only starting from an original and
invisible order that has to be brought to light, following the maieutic, or imposed by the philosopher
king or by the law of the State. In this article I argue how two types of law emerge in the exchange
that Plato carries out with Heraclitus: a law which is immanent to the elements themselves, but
unstable and prone to destruction, and a transcendent law that functions as an orientation for divine
and human actions. This transcendent law is configured, in turn, in two modalities: as a law of
invisible harmony that must be followed, and as a positive law that must be imposed due to the
instability of the elements which are unable to maintain a given form.

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ISSN: 2281-3209                DOI Prefix: 10.7408

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